Skip to main content
Corteccia del pino loricato sul Pollino (foto Francesco Rotondaro)

Studies, researches and projects

The scientific research currently underway, aimed at improving the conservation policies for biodiversity and natural resources in the Pollino and the governance of the Park, belong to a set of projects for the conservation, protection and valorisation of the natural heritage carried out by the Park, which has become an instrument for the conservation of biodiversity and the functioning of ecosystem services, for the purposes of sustainable development.

Research activities aimed at nature conservation in our protected area include:

  • the LIFE WolfNet Project;
  • the monitoring of Carnivore communities by means of photo-trapping;
  • the census and protection of the Park's ancient trees;
  • the ex situ conservation of loricate pine germplasm and other endangered species of the Pollino flora;
  • the research project for the in situ conservation of the Loricate Pine germplasm;
  • the establishment of the network of ancient forests in the national parks of the southern Apennines;
  • the 'interaction between wild boar and biodiversity' project
  • the "living with the wolf, knowing in order to preserve: coordinated measures to protect the wolf" project;
  • environmental and territorial management and planning, with particular reference to issues of environmental protection, management of protected areas, assessment of impacts in the design of works on the territory, with expertise
  • in drafting environmental analyses, management of monitoring networks, GIS etc.

Monumental trees

The census, which began in 2012 and ended in April 2015, led to the selection and cataloguing of 138 monumental trees in the Pollino National Park.


AIB plan

Forest fire-fighting plan


Ancient woods

Among the projects proposed under the 2012 and 2013 MATTM Biodiversity Directive, the one entitled "The establishment of the network of ancient forests in the National Parks of the southern Apennines" is one of the most significant and important for biodiversity conservation.



Italian Mountain Lab

As part of the MIUR-funded research project entitled Italian Mountain Lab (IML), a line of research has been developed to survey tourist and ecotourism activities in the Parks of the Alps and Apennines with special focus on the expectations and experience of the excursionist tourist. 


The walk as a representation of the landscape

The study Paths and Landscapes in the Pollino National Park aimed to respond to the need to expose the narration of the history of the territory through the narration of the landscape in order to achieve a deeper knowledge of the historical-naturalistic heritage in relation to the diversity of user levels.


Conservation and enhancement of agricultural biodiversity in the Pollino National Park

With the aim of first conserving and then enhancing the entire genetic heritage of domesticated agricultural biodiversity present in the Pollino National Park territory, the Park Authority and ALSIA (Agenzia Lucana di Sviluppo e Innovazione in Agricoltura - Lucanian Agency for Development and Innovation in Agriculture), through collaboration agreements and projects, have carried out a series of activities.


GenTree project

The Pollino National Park is contributing to the realisation of the European H2020 project GenTree, hosting two experimental areas of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.).


Pollino: readings and tales of the landscape

Landscape and local communities. The value of biodiversity and its articulation in three phases - knowledge, participation and communication - is part of the specific objectives of the European Landscape Convention and develops the basic ones that constitute the starting points for the application of the Convention.


Fruibile Park project

Expression of interest to remain on the list of workers employed by the Pollino National Park in the context of the seasonal activities of the Fruibile Park Project and to exercise the right of precedence in the hiring of personnel with the qualification of forestry plumber for the implementation of the same Project.


LIFE+ Making Good Nature - ecosystem services

Payment for ecosystem services as an innovative model for effective governance of agroforestry areas in Natura 2000 sites.


Robinwood plus/SHarewood

"Robinwood Plus" is an INTERREG IVC mini-programme between the Liguria Region (Italy, project leader), the Limousin Regional Council (France), the Kainuu Joint Authority (Finland), the Harghita County Council (Romania) and the Calabria Region (Italy).



Permanent laboratory

A "permanent natural laboratory" in the Pollino National Park able to provide and consolidate knowledge on which to base sustainable land management.

Publications and articles

Pubblication (it/en)
Antico Oceano Tetideo

Geotouristic Guide "The Ancient Tethys Ocean"

The "Ancient Tethys Ocean" guide is focused on the rocks outcropping at Timpa delle Murge and Timpa di Pietrasasso, evidence of the opening of an oceanic basin (called the Tethys) and its subsequent closure.

Pubblication (it/en)
Sulle Tracce Della Linea Del Pollino

Geotouristic Guidebook "On the Traces of the Pollino Line"

The guide traces a geoturistical itinerary that describes through a circular circuit the evolution of the primary geological element (the Pollino Line) and the main geological and landscape characteristics of the territory crossed.

Scientific article [en]
Frammartino Il Buco

The discovery of the Bifurto Abyss at the Venice Film Festival

La scoperta dell'Abisso Bifurto alla Mostra del Cinema di Venezia
(extract from da European Geoparks Magazine – 2022, Issue 19, pag. 54)
At the 78th Venice International Film Festival - Biennale Cinema 2021, the movie “Il Buco” (The Hole) won the Special Jury Prize. The film, written and directed by Michelangelo Frammartino, was filmed entirely in the area of Pollino UNESCO Global Geopark with the collaboration and support of the Geopark Authority.

Scientific article (en)
Fiume Rosa6 Francesco Rotondaro

Each rock has its own water

Ogni roccia ha la sua acqua
(extract from European Geoparks Magazine – 2021, Issue 18, pag. 43)
The Pollino UNESCO Global Geopark covers a large area of northern Calabria and the southern Basilicata regions in Italy. It hosts a complex hydrogeological system comprising several aquifers, each with its own geological, hydrogeological and hydrogeochemical characteristics.

Poster (it)
Ogni Roccia La Sua Acqua

Water, minerals and rocks: every water, its rock

The project was born from the collaboration between the Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences of the University of Calabria and the Pollino National Park to deepen the knowledge of the territory's immense water heritage.

Publication (it)
Ogni Acqua Roccia Pietre

Water, minerals and rocks: every water, its rock

The project was born from the collaboration between the Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences of the University of Calabria and the Pollino National Park to deepen the knowledge of the territory's immense water heritage. Scientific paper.

Scientific article (en)
Malvento View Point

Communicating the Geology: “On the Trail of the Pollino Line”, a geo-route through the Pollino Unesco Global Geopark

15th European Geoparks Conference 2019
The Pollino UNESCO Global Geopark is a large area located in the southern Italy at the border of two administrative Regions: Calabria and Basilicata. The park is included in a portion of the axial belt of the southern Apennines featured by different tectonic units deriving from the deformation of the paleogeographic elements of the Tethys ocean and its margins, such as carbonate platform and ophiolite-bearing units.

Scientific article (en)
Santa Gada

Archaeological research in the Pollino Unesco Global Geopark, Italy: probably the ancient City of "Laos"

15th European Geoparks Conference 2019
The Pollino UNESCO Global Geopark is a large area located in southern Italy at the border of two administrative Regions: Calabria and Basilicata. In this area relevant geological and geomorphological features stand together with many natural and cultural assets.

Scientific article (en)
Faggeta Rosso H

Pollino Unesco Global Geopark, Italy, receives a new Unesco award for the ancient beech forest of Cozzo Ferriero

(extract from European Geoparks Magazine – 2018, Issue 15, pag. 56)
Since becoming a Unesco Global Geopark, the Pollino National Park territory as achieved a new prestigious award: the ancient beech forest of Cozzo Ferriero in the municipality of Rotonda was included in Unesco’s list of World Heritage Sites.

Scientific article (en)
Da Timpone Campanaro Francesco Bevilacqua

Earthquake risk perception: a case study in the Pollino Unesco Global Geopark area, southern Italy

8th International Conference on Unesco Global Geoparks 2018
Calabria is the southern termination of the Apennine peninsular chain, resting in the toe of the Italian belt.

Pubblication (it)

Protection, valorisation and management of geodiversity

Published on the occasion of the 8th UNESCO Global Geoparks Workshop in Italy.
The volume contains a summary of the contributions of the Workshop participants and is a useful guide to understanding what a UNESCO Geopark is and to the scientific representation of some of the places and/or Geosites of the Pollino Geopark.

Scientific article (en)
Civita A Model Of Sustainable

Civita as model of sustainable tourism from a little village

(extract from da European Geoparks Magazine – 2017, Issue 14, pag. 49)
Civita is a small village situated on the steep rocky slopes of the Raganello Valley in Pollino Geopark, and represents one of Southern Italy’s Arbëreshë communities.

Scientific article (en)
Grotta Del Romito C Pizzuti

Pollino Unesco Global Geopark: Experience nature and cultural heritage in a Mediterranean Territory

(extract from European Geoparks Magazine – 2016, Issue 13, pag. 61)
The area of Pollino UNESCO Global Geopark is located in southern Italy, on the border between
the regions of Basilicata and Calabria. It covers 19,252 km2 and includes 56 municipalities with 150,624 inhabitants.

Publication (it/en)
Timpa San Lorenzo

Pollino National Park: geosites, natural and cultural heritage

Within the concept of natural heritage, there is, more specifically, the concept of Geological Heritage, which can be defined as the set of non-renewable natural resources, of scientific, cultural or educational value, that make it possible to recognise, study and interpret the evolution of the Earth's geological history and the processes that have affected it.

Publication (it)
Favole Parchi Basilicata

The Fairytales of the Parks of Basilicata

Publication related to the Naturarte project and produced within the INNGREENPAF Programme of the Basilicata Region's Parks, Biodiversity and Nature Protection Office. Book illustrated by Giuseppe Palumbo with five stories, written by several hands and coordinated and revised by Roberto Piumini.

Geological map (IT/EN)
Carta Gelologica Turistica Versione Double 2

Geological map of the area between Campotenese and Terranova di Pollino

The map shows on the front side: the Quaternary filling deposits of the intermountain basins, the Frido, Nord-Calabrese, Verbicaro, Pollino, Tectonic Units and the Calabro-Lucano Flysch Complex; on the back side: the Geotouristic Routes.

Poster (EN)
Poster Extra Geo Verbania2022

The Role of Geosites in the Geoparks: between geoconservation, dissemination and valorisation

16th European Geoparks Conference – Verbania, 2022
Nature, Culture and Sustainability in the climate and environmetal change

The study of geosites in protected areas allows to highlight local geological peculiarities, but also drives the process that transforms the geological heritage into an attractor, in accordance with the need of its conservation.

Presentation (EN)
Presentazione Egn2022 Verbania 1

The Cicle Path Campotenese-Morano Calabro in the Pollino UGGP

16th European Geoparks Conference – Verbania, 26/30 Settembre 2022
Nature, Culture and Sustainability in the climate and environmetal change

The cycle path follows the route of the ancient railway Spezzano Albanese Terme-Castrovillari-Lagonegro, commonly known as the Calabro-Lucana Railway. The Campotenese plateau is a strategic area of the geopark, because is the junction point of the two great mountain chains of the Geopark (the Pollino and Orsomarso mountain chains).  

Scientific article (en)
Pugg Egn2022 Georoute Panel

Geoturistic Guides: "On the Trail of the Pollino Line” and “The Ancient Tethys Ocean”

16th European Geoparks Conference– Verbania, 26/30 Settembre 2022
Nature, Culture and Sustainability in the climate and environmetal change

The landscape of the Pollino Geopark is strongly controlled by lithologies and structures, as well as by the intense uplift occurred during the Quaternary. This area lies in one of the most geodinamically active sectors of the central Mediterranean area, where complex crustal deformation is occurring as a result of the Africa-Europe collision, still active.

Publication (it)
Flora Rappresentativa

Representative flora of the Pollino National Park

This valuable work by Dr. Antonio Maffei in e-book format represents the fruit of years of study and profound floristic, ecological and scientific knowledge of the most significant autochthonous and endemic flora of the Pollino Park. From the research carried out so far, it is estimated that the flora present within the Pollino Park may consist of over 2,000 species. The aim of the volume is to make the most representative species of the Pollino Park's biodiversity known, with the hope of stimulating greater sensitivity towards nature in general and flora in particular, a fundamental heritage to be respected, defended and passed on from one generation to the next.

Pagina Facebook Canale YouTube Profilo Twitter